Sources of Funding - Belgium
Special and Integrated Education:
In the French Community of Belgium, special and integrated education for young disabled people is organised by the Decree of 03/03/2004.
The ordinary / special education distribution is the following:
Secondary education is divided into 4 types:
(http://www.segec.be/fedefoc/special/structure/01OrganStruct.pdf); types 3 and 4 focus on social integration at home and in employment.
The list of schools providing a special and integrated education is available at: http://www.restode.cfwb.be/pgens/special/ecoles_speciales.htm
Among these are schools that use ICT to support student access to the curriculum and employment training:
Technical assistance and assistance for employment-formation:
In Belgium, there is one federal organisation, the National Institute, and four Regional or Community organisations.
At the national level:
The National Institute for Sickness and Disability Insurance (INAMI) provides grant aid, through recognised insurance agencies, for a range of technologies including: wheelchairs and their adaptations, environmental controls, prostheses and orthotics. Additional funding may be provided by the regional or community organisations.
In the Brussels area
French-speaking Brussels Service of Disabled People: http://www.cocof.irisnet.be/telecharge/DOCS/SBFPH/doc2004/legisoctobre2004.doc
In the German-speaking Community
Dienstelle Für Personen Mit Behinderung : http://www.dpb.be/welcome.html
In the Flemish Region
Vlaams Fonds voor Sociale Integratie Van Personen met een Handicap.
In the Walloon Region,
The Walloon Agency for the Integration of Disabled People. http://www.awiph.be/
What follows summarises what is available in the two most populous regions:
The Walloon Region and the Flemish Region.
The Walloon Region:
AWIPH are the primary funders of assistive technology. Applicants must fulfil specific conditions in order to access the services of AWIPH. These can be found in the Decree of April 6, 1995 (age, residence, nationality, disability): http://www.awiph.be/pdf/presentation/decret_6_avril_1995.pdf
AWIPH can help people entering 3rd level education or the labour market by providing funding for AT, personal assistance, teaching assistance, professional training and finding a job.
The Decree of February 4, 2004
(http://www.awiph.be/pdf/publications/legislation/arrete_aide_materielle_04022004.pdf) governs the interventions regarding the individual material assistance according to general and specific conditions of intervention.
It is useful to note that:
- For the disabled person being 65 years old at the time of the introduction of the request of intervention, this one can be granted only if the expenses result directly from the disability notified by the Agency before 65 years old.
- The concerned person must first take advantage of their rights to a compensation envisaged by Belgian system of repair, if it occurs (eg: accident with third party responsibility).
- The material cannot be refundable to organisations offering social security benefits on the basis of the same disability and same needs.
- The request cannot be for any equipment for medical/paramedical treatment nor for the maintenance of a physical condition.
- The request cannot concern services offered by persons or entities except those listed in the appendix of the decree as well as the expenses of studies, approval and architect (eg: assistance to residence).
- It cannot be a material assistance lent, rented, leased or second hand.
- The request must be introduced to the Agency before purchase of the material.
- The material must, according to the person’s disability be necessary to his or her social integration and constitute additional expenditure compared to a person without a disability.
The following is a list of the support available:
- Screen Magnification
- Large monitors
- Specialised Printers
- Voice synthesisers.
- Screen readers.
- Word processors
- Braille writer;
- Subtitle Decoders.
- Telephones systems:
- Mobile telephones with integrated fax (fax GSM)
- Amplified telephones.
- Telex and fax (standard fax)
- Headset amplifiers.
- FM Systems
- Loop Systems
- Keyboards and control devices (alterative mice…)
- Other devices :
- Head pointers.
- Voice recognition software.
- Touch screens.
- Braille decoders.
A special procedure exists for material assistance that fulfils the general conditions prescribed by the decree but that doesn’t appear in the appendix or doesn’t fulfil a specific condition of the appendix. The request is, in this case, submitted to the “Council for individual assistance to integration” for advice and then to the Management Council for a decision.
The department of CICAT within AWIPH, provides free information to individuals, professionals, associations and schools.
Teaching Assistance in higher education and university;
AWIPH co-ordinates teaching assistance for students up to the age of 18
The Agency pays according to a fixed price per year of studies.
AWIPH funds the transcription and the adaptation of school books for students with visual impairment up to the age of 18, in a school establishment recognized by the French Community.
Books are indexed in a database (Ex libris), readable on Agency website (www.awiph.be).
AWIPH intervenes in various fields:
In the private and public sectors;
- The provision of funding for a job coach for those recently employed.
- Funding to encourage employee recruitment and retention, following illness, injury or long term unemployment.
- Employer remuneration to match to the cost of work place accommodations (personnel and other).
- A work place adaptation grant.
- Funding of transport supports.
Self-employed workers, Agency can grant:
- a grant to facilitate the launch of an activity, the return to work, after a significant period of disability, or the provision of additional supports to meet health and safety requirements.
- A work place adaptation grant.
- travelling expenses when they are justified by the person’s disability.
For further information see -
The Flemish Region:
The interventions of the Flemish Fund for the integration of the people entering the 3rd level or the labour market are similar to the AWIPH’ system.
A list of the assistance for which the Flemish Fund will support-: http://www.vlafo.be/nederlands/index.html,
click « Hulpmiddelen en aanpassingen » and «Een link naar de refertelijst»
It is envisioned that teaching assistance will be made available for 3rd level students with visual and/or hearing impairments?? What is the case with this?
NB: A commission will adjudicate the relevance of any request not included in the above.
The request must be well justified (minimum cost of 250€)
The Flemish Fund has an information centre: the KOC (Het Kennis- en OndersteuningsCentrum)
- Financial interventions for training;
- Work place supports;
- Financial assistance to employers;
- A job in work-adapted companies;
The Flemish Fund can also grant aid expenses related to work clothing, to work tools and to travelling expenses between home and job place.
Personal Assistance budget:
This budget enables a disabled person to organise his or her personal assistance
http://www.vlafo.be/nederlands/index.html, select « persoonlijke-assistentiebudget » (PAB)
- AT Database: http://www.anlh.be/accesat/ http://www.koc.be/kocbank/servlet/vlibank.NThesaurusServlet